Diem E, Schwarz C, Adlkofer F, Jahn O, Rüdiger H.

Non-thermal DNA breakage by mobile-phone radiation (1800 MHz) in human fibroblasts and in transformed GFSH-R17 rat granulosa cells in vitro
Mutat Res. 2005 Jun 6;583(2):178-83.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15869902

Diem E, Schwarz C, Adlkofer F, Jahn O, Rüdiger H.

1800 MHz
1.2 or 2 SAR

Comment in: Mutat Res. 2006 Jan 31;603(1):104-6; author reply 107-9. Mutat Res. 2009 Feb 19;673(1):2.
Mutat Res. 2009 Feb 19;673(1):1.

Abstract: Cultured human diploid fibroblasts and cultured rat granulosa cells were exposed to intermittent and continuous radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) used in mobile phones, with different specific absorption rates (SAR) and different mobile-phone modulations. DNA strand breaks were determined by means of the alkaline and neutral comet assay. RF-EMF exposure (1800 MHz; SAR 1.2 or 2 W/kg; different modulations; during 4, 16 and 24h; intermittent 5 min on/10 min off or continuous wave) induced DNA single- and double-strand breaks. Effects occurred after 16 h exposure in both cell types and after different mobile-phone modulations. The intermittent exposure showed a stronger effect in the comet assay than continuous exposure. Therefore we conclude that the induced DNA damage cannot be based on thermal effects.

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